A spinal fracture also known as a vertebral compression fracture can be defined as a bone break in the spine. It occurs when one or more bone in the spinal canal collapses, breaks or gets fractured. These fractures and dislocations may pinch, compress, or even tear the spinal cord.
The following are the many different types of spinal fractures:
Compression Fracture: This type of fracture is caused by osteoporosis or a tumor and rarely has spinal cord or nerve involvement. Front of the vertebra fractures and loses height, however, the back, the posterior part remains stable.
Axial Burst Fraction: This is usually caused by a fall from a significant height or landing on the feet. Which results in the loss of vertebral height on both the front and back side
Chance Fracture: This type of fracture is caused by a violent forward flexed injury fracture, it is also known as a “seat-belt injury”. Mostly it occurs when the vertebra is pulled apart, often from a car accident where the upper body is pulled forward while the pelvis is stabilized by a lap-only seatbelt.
The following are other terms where the doctors use to describe these fractures:
Stable fractures: There type of fractures will not cause spinal deformity or neurologic (nerve) problems. With this fracture, the spine can still carry and distribute your weight pretty well as if there weren't a fracture, but it's still able to function with a stable fracture.
Unstable fractures: This type of fracture make it difficult for the spine to carry and distribute weight. Unstable fractures progresses and causes further damage, It may also result in spinal deformity.
The treatment for spinal fractures will depend on the location and type of fracture. Dr Shyam Sundar is one of the leading Neurosurgeon in Tamil Nadu. The doctor provides advanced Treatment for Spinal Fractures in India at his Centre for Brain and Spine based in Chennai.
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