Monday, 2 April 2018

Don’t Stay With Herniated Disc Pain

A ruptured (or) herniated disc is caused when any one of the spinal discs develops a crack within its tough outer wall and the material present in the inner disc is pushed out into the spinal canal. If any displaced disc material put pressure on the spinal the pain will result in other associated symptoms.

Causes of herniated disc

  • Regular lifting of heavy items
  • Prolonged exposure to vibration
  • Malnutrition
  • Excess weight
  • Sudden trauma, injury or accidents such as hard fall, blow at the back
  • Congenital abnormalities in the spine
  • Lack of physical activity and exercise

Common symptoms of Ruptured disc

Some people may experience a few or no symptoms. However, if the person has any nerve compression/irritation, the following symptoms would occur:
  • Numbness/Tingling
  • Loss of movement
  • Calf muscle pain
  • Neck/Back pain
  • Burning/shooting pain in the injured area
  • Pain radiates to the legs
  • Pain worsens at the night time/while standing/sitting/walking for prolonged hours

Diagnosis of Ruptured disc

Besides, regular clinical and physical examination, the patient is advised to undergo X-Ray, CT and MRI scan to confirm the presence of the ruptured disc, and its present condition etc. After ascertaining the severity and location of the ruptured disc, an accurate treatment is planned to save the patient from the deteriorating condition and excruciating pain.

Treatment for ruptured disc

Generally, herniated disc patients are treated based on their pain condition. Conservative treatments like medicines, physiotherapy, exercises, muscle-relaxants, NSAIDs, hot and cold fomentation are prescribed. If the patient still suffers from pain, then surgery such as microdiscectomy or laminectomy is performed to relieve the pain and other symptoms.

1. Laminectomy:

It is a type of back surgery performed to relieve the spinal cord compression. The surgeon performs the surgery under anesthesia. The Neurosurgeon will remove the lamina which is a part of the bone and it forms vertebral arches in the spine. Along with lamina, bone spurs are also removed. Since these structures cause pressure on the nerve root/spinal cord, they are completely removed.

2. Microdiscectomy

In this surgical procedure, herniated portion of the disc is removed under general anesthesia. This procedure is typically used when the herniated disc is needed to be treated but not necessarily to be removed from the spine. Artificial disc/wire fusions are used to replace the herniated disc. Microdiscectomy completely negates pain.

Dr. Shyam Sundar is a leading neurosurgeon in Chennai, who specialized in dealing with different conditions related to brain and spine. He provides treatmentand diagnosis for Ruptured Disc in Chennai.
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Tuesday, 30 January 2018


A tumor is the swelling of a part of the body; they may occur without an inflammation and can be benign or malignant. A tumor is caused by an abnormal growth of tissue– solid or liquid- filled– in the affected area. All tumors are not cancerous.

Brain Tumor:

A tumor in the brain can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). They can occur at any age.
The exact causes of brain tumors are unknown to researchers and doctors. However, risk factors include:
Family history of tumors
Exposure to ionizing radiations from X-rays for example
They can be caused by cancer that begins elsewhere.


The onset of headaches which become more and more frequent and severe.
Unexplained nausea and vomiting
Difficulty in balance
Vision and hearing gets affected
Personality and behavioral changes


On the onset of the above-mentioned symptoms, a Neurologist will do the diagnosis using a neurologic exam, CT scan, MRI, angiogram, spinal tap or biopsy.


Depending on the age of the patient, the location and size of the tumor and the grade of the tumor, the neurosurgeon may suggest the following treatments:
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy

Dr. Shyam Sundar. K is one of the renowned neurosurgeon experts of diagnosis and treatment of brain tumors; he has an experience of 8 years and is sure to give the best advice and treatment. Dr. Shyam Sundar has several successful surgeries to his credit.

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Wednesday, 13 December 2017

Stop living with Traumatic Brain Injury !

What is Traumatic Brain Injury?

Traumatic Brain Injury is an intracranial injury in the brain that is caused by bad falls, accidents, and violence. Traumatic Brain Injury is appeared when brain gets severe shock or blow. Generally, brain injuries are classified into three stages: Mild, Moderate, and Severe

Brain injuries can harm people in many ways, such as people can experience memory loss, sleep deprivation, internal haemorrhaging, and possibility of death. An early treatment is highly required in traumatic and severe brain injuries.

What are the treatment options for traumatic Brain Injury?

Traumatic Brain Injury normally required immediate, ongoing and long term treatment whether it is minor or severe. The initial stages of treatment for Traumatic Brain Injury include sustaining life and avoiding any further injury. The later stages require participation in rehabilitation programs and assisitive technologies. Rehabilitation programs are directed to overcome, minimise, or work to lower disabilities in the patients so that they can live and work independently. 

What are immediate treatment options for Traumatic Brain Injury?

The immediate treatment options for traumatic Brain Injury are as follows:
  • Checking and removing of life threatening blood clots
  • Medicate patients
  • Monitor and operate to relieve high levels of intracranial pressure
  • Put effected person on life support systems, if required
  • When patient is stable, shifted to sub-acute treatment centers

What are the sub-acute treatments for traumatic Brain Injury?

Sub-acute treatment centers are the specialised care facilities in which medical staff is well trained to understand and evaluate the patient’s disabilities, impairments, and possibility of recovery.  Doctors in these centers can develop a treatment plan to help patients and their families. These treatment plans can include rehabilitation programs and chronic traumatic Brain Injury treatments. These centers help patients to live independently, with the care of family, or move into long term care centers.

What are the long term treatment options for traumatic Brain Injury?

Traumatic Brain Injury treatment centers provides treatment in the form of
  • Assistive technologies such as use of wheel chair, specialized device for mobility or speech
  • Counseling
  • Physical therapy
  • Speech therapy
  • Medication

What is the aim of providing long term treatment to traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)?

The aim of providing treatment on every step of problem is
  • To make patient social again
  • To overcome patient depression, emotional problems and increase self esteem
  • To learn again proper speaking and communication
  • To learn again walking

The ultimate goal of Center forBrain and Spine Chennai is to provide chronic care and rehabilitation programs to patients for fast recovery and make able to live independently.The centre provides excellent treatment options for traumatic brain injuries. Dr.Shyam Sundar Krishnan is a qualified and experienced Neurosurgeon in Tamil Nadu to treat traumatic brain injuries.

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Wednesday, 29 November 2017

Brain Aneurysm – You Can’t See it Coming

A brainaneurysm is a bulging, weak area in the wall of arteries that supplies blood to the brain. Sometimes, it ruptures, releasing blood into the skull and causing a stroke. It may also lead to brain damage or death may result.
Risk Factors

  • Family history 
  • High blood pressure
  • Smoking

What are the symptoms?

An aneurysm will cause problems before rupture, by pressing on areas in the brain. When this happens, the person will suffer from:
  • Severe headaches 
  • Nausea and vomiting 
  • Blurred vision 
  • Sensitivity to light. 
  • Changes in speech 
  • Neck pain 
  • Fainting or loss of consciousness. 
  • Seizures. 

How is it treated?

The type of treatment suitable for you will be based on your age, size of the aneurysm, any additional risk factors, and your overall health.

The following are the procedures used to manage brain aneurysms:

  • Endovascular embolization – A small tube is inserted into the affected artery and a soft metal coil or mesh is used to fill the aneurysm, reducing blood flow and making it less likely to rupture. These procedures are less invasive than surgery. 
  • Surgical clipping - Placing a small metal clip around the base of the aneurysm to isolate it from normal blood circulation, thus decreasing the pressure on the aneurysm.

Dr.Shyam Sundar K is an eminent name in the field of neurology and is one of the expert Neurosurgeon in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. With 8 years of experience, he is an expert in various branches of neurosurgery and presently serves as Consultant Neurosurgeon at various hospitals. 
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Friday, 20 October 2017


If you Are suffering from some spinal condition, you are not alone. Many people have been experiencing this at some point in their lifetime, often without realizing it until the appearance of persistent and palpable symptoms. Becoming well informed about the spinal condition is the first step toward finding a potential treatment and resuming back to a  pain-free life. We are here to help!

Backbone or spine is considered to be the most important part of the body.  It has five regions namely cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum and coccyx.  Dislocation or defects of the spine cause back pain. The remedies suggested for back pain includes an application of medicine and oral medications. 

In some cases of back pain, the problems persist even after medications. The remedy for this is a surgery.  It is safe to rely on experienced doctors for surgeries so that surgeries become problem less. You can depend on Dr. Shyam Sundar K for spine surgery in Chennai.  He is the best consultant neurosurgeon in Chennai.  

In certain cases where nerves are in a compressed stage, osteoarthritis with bone spurs and herniated spines surgeries will be required to sort out the issue.  

Due to herniation, the disk becomes deformed, and the removal of this deformity is called Diskectomy.  The minimally Invasive back surgery is very advantageous as only small incisions are made for surgery resulting no damage in the muscles around the spines. 
In Spinal Disc Replacement, artificial spines are placed instead of damages spines.  Foraminotomy is a surgical procedure that relieves pressure on nerves. Kyphoplasty is used for those with a spinal fracture in order to relieve the pain.

Laminectomy relieves pressure on the spinal cord by enlarging the spinal canal.  In laminotomy, posterior part of the vertebra is removed and hence it relieves pressure on the spinal cord.  In Spinal fusion, two or more bones are fused together to correct the problems 

  • One can live without pain.
  • No nerves inflammation present. 
  • Can move easily without pain

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Wednesday, 27 September 2017

Head Injury Management with Minimally Invasive Techniques

Headinjury is one of the most complicated of all injuries due to its ability to cause a profound effect on the physical and mental well being of a person. It is often defined as the alteration in the physical or mental state of a person due to a blow on head. The advent of minimally invasive head injury management techniques has greatly helped in simplifying the treatment and recovery.

Head injuries can occur due to falls, accidents or as a part of sports injury. They are often manifested through symptoms such as seizures, vomiting, disorientation, dizziness, fainting, confusion, lethargy and so on that are experienced after receiving blow to the head. They can be diagnosed through a series of cognitive tests, blood tests and scanning procedures.

Conventional open surgeries, especially conducted at prime location such as the brain area is associated with a lot of complexities. With the development of minimally invasive technology, we have been able to reduce the risk factor associated with the procedure.

Dr.Shyam Sundar K is one of the most renowned Neurosurgeon in Chennai with a world of experience gained through his stints across the various multi-specialty hospitals here. He is highly specialised in various realms of neurology and neurosurgery with an exception success rate in surgeries.

Minimally invasive treatment procedures for head injury are carried out with a thin tube called an endoscope that is attached with a high definition camera, which helps in better visualisation of the site of injury. They require smaller incisions which help in faster recovery and less pain associated with the surgery.

Microendoscopic head surgeries help in repair and removal of diseased areas without affecting the adjoining cells or areas. The various advantages of minimally invasive head injury management techniques are as follows: -
  • Shorter recovery and operating time 
  • Reduced rates of mortality and morbidity
  • Minimal pain and blood loss 
  • Cost effective and shorter hospitalisation 
  • Reduced chances of complication or trauma 
Dr.Shyam Sundar K is a leading neurosurgeon renowned for his effective treatment for various neurological disorders.

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Monday, 21 August 2017

Spine Surgery - A Broken Spine Can Happen To Anyone

A spinal fracture also known as a vertebral compression fracture can be defined as a bone break in the spine. It occurs when one or more bone in the spinal canal collapses, breaks or gets fractured. These fractures and dislocations may pinch, compress, or even tear the spinal cord.

The following are the many different types of spinal fractures:

Compression Fracture: This type of fracture is caused by osteoporosis or a tumor and rarely has spinal cord or nerve involvement. Front of the vertebra fractures and loses height, however, the back, the posterior part remains stable.

Axial Burst Fraction: This is usually caused by a fall from a significant height or landing on the feet. Which results in the loss of vertebral height on both the front and back side

Chance Fracture: This type of fracture is caused by a violent forward flexed injury fracture, it is also known as a “seat-belt injury”.  Mostly it occurs when the vertebra is pulled apart, often from a car accident where the upper body is pulled forward while the pelvis is stabilized by a lap-only seatbelt.

The following are other terms where the doctors use to describe these fractures:

Stable fractures: There type of fractures will not cause spinal deformity or neurologic (nerve) problems. With this fracture, the spine can still carry and distribute your weight pretty well as if there weren't a fracture, but it's still able to function with a stable fracture.

Unstable fractures: This type of fracture make it difficult for the spine to carry and distribute weight. Unstable fractures progresses and causes further damage, It may also result in spinal deformity.


Treatment for Spinal Fractures


The treatment for spinal fractures will depend on the location and type of fracture. Dr Shyam Sundar is one of the leading Neurosurgeon in Tamil Nadu. The doctor provides advanced Treatment for Spinal Fractures in India at his Centre for Brain and Spine based in Chennai.

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