Friday, 12 May 2017

Know More About Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a type of chronic disorder which can be seen in the form of recurrent and unprovoked seizures. Many individuals with epilepsy have more than one particular type of seizure and may have many other symptoms of neurological conditions as well.

Clinical history, EEG testing and family's history are similar among a particular group of people with epilepsy sometimes. In these situations, their condition is defined as a specific epilepsy syndrome.

Although a seizure can affect all or any part of the human body, the electrical activities that produce the symptoms occur in the human brain. The location of that activity, how it spreads all over and which part of the brain is affected and how much, and how long it lasts etc all have a great effect.

Having seizures and epilepsy can affect an individuals safety, relationships with friends & family, work life and so much more. Public perception of what epilepsy is and treatment of the people suffering from epilepsy are often bigger problems to deal with than the actual seizures. 

Symptoms Of Epilepsy

  • Whole body: fainting or/and fatigue
  • Muscular: muscle contractions or muscle spasms
  • Cognitive: mental confusion or amnesia
  • Sensory: aura or pins and needles
  • Psychological: fear or depression
Sometimes patient may have headache, sleepiness, staring spells seizures, anxiety, blank stare, or temporary paralysis after a seizure

Causes Of Epilepsy

  • Brain infections
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Brain Tumors
  • Drug Abuse
  • Hypoxia
  • Infants with abnormal brain structures
  • Premature Infants
  • Family History

How is Epilepsy Treated?

The majority of epileptic seizures can be treated by medication solely, mainly by anticonvulsant drugs. The type of treatment followed will depend on a variety of factors, which includes the frequency and severity of the seizures and the individuals age, overall health, and medical history. An accurate diagnosis of the type of epilepsy is also important for choosing the best course of treatment. It can also be treated through drugs and many generic yet safe drugs are available for its treatment. This is a serious condition and needs to be treated as soon as possible.

Dr Shyam Sundar, an eminent neurosurgeon in Tamil Nadu, provides  neurological treatments and brain cancer treatment in Chennai at affordable cost.

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Tuesday, 18 April 2017

Detect And Treat Stroke Before It’s Too Late..

A medical emergency, stroke is a condition which requires prompt medical attention to save the patient’s life. It occurs when the blood supply to brain is reduced or interrupted, resulting in a lack of nutrient and oxygen supply to the brain cells and tissues. 

The disruption in blood supply might be due to a rupture or blockage of the blood vessels. The oxygen and nutrient deprivation can lead to death of brain cells that can cause complication if prompt treatment is not provided. An early intervention can limit the level of damage.

How to detect Stroke?

The main symptoms of stroke include: -
  • Inability to think and talk properly
  • Numbness of arm, leg or face
  • Blurred or blackened vision in one or both eyes
  • Severe and sudden headache
  • Trouble in walking.

Since the condition requires prompt attention, it is important to realise the symptoms quickly. To confirm the discomfort felt is the beginning of stroke think ‘FAST’.

Face –  check whether the persons smile makes a face droops to one side
Arms –  check if the person has trouble lifting one or both arms
Speech –  check for slurred speech
Time –  if the above are detected in the person, don’t waste time, get help as soon as possible.

Types of Strokes

  • Ischemic Stroke – most commonly found type of stroke, it is caused due to narrowed or blocked arteries that supply blood to the brain.
  • Haemorrhagic stroke – caused due to a rupture or leak in the blood vessels supplying blood to the brain.
  • Transient ischemic attack – also called as mini stroke, it occurs due to a decrease or reduced blood flow to the brain, which is temporary.

Risk factors for Stroke

The risk factors for stroke include hypertension, elevated level of cholesterol, cardiovascular diseases, heavy drinking, smoking, drugs, conditions like obesity, diabetes and so on. They are known to occur mainly in men and at an age over 55 years.

Treatment for Stroke

Stroke treatment is based on a diagnosis conducted with the help of MRI, Carotid scan, Brain angiogram and so on. The treatment procedure involves medications and surgical intervention and is decided upon depending on the intensity of the issue.

Dr Shyam Sundar, a pioneer in neurosurgery, is specialised in handling various neurological conditions. He provides treatment for stroke in Tamil Nadu.

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Wednesday, 1 March 2017

Brain Aneurysm Symptoms and Treatment

A brain aneurysm is a neurological disorder where a ballooning or bulge is formed on the blood vessels present in the brain. It can resemble a cherry hanging from its stem. Brain aneurysms are mainly located on the blood vessels that form a network at the base of the brain. This formation is known as the Circle of Willis.
Brain aneurysms can be ruptured or unruptured. A ruptured aneurysm leaks blood into the brain. This can be life threatening and need immediate medical attention as it can lead to stroke. Unruptured aneurysm are usually undetected.

The symptoms of brain aneurysm are largely dependent on its location, intensity and condition. CT and CTA scan, MRI scan, angiography and cerebral angiogram are used to diagnose the presence of aneurysm. The main symptoms of ruptured brain aneurysm are: -
  • Neck pain and stiffness
  • Severe headache
  • Double vision or blurred vision
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of sensation
  • Fainting
  • Seizures
  • Photophobia or sensitivity towards light
Unruptured aneurysm, if large in size, causes constant headaches, lack of concentration or processing ability, speech problems, lack of coordination or balance, sudden changes in behaviour and so on.
Aneurysms are a result of thinning walls in artery. They are usually formed at joints and forks of arteries where the cells are weak. Some of the main causes of this are infections that affect the artery walls, presence of tumours, abnormal flow of blood at the joints of arteries, use of drugs, brain trauma and atherosclerosis.
Brain aneurysms are mainly treated by embolization, endovascular therapy or surgical clipping depending on the intensity of the issue.

A pioneer in the field of neurosurgery and neurology, Dr. Shyam Sundar K, is an eminent neurosurgeon in Chennai, India, who offers expert treatment in various branches of neurology. He provides advanced treatment for brain tumor in Chennai.

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Monday, 2 January 2017

Know about Stroke and Its Warning Sign

When there is an interruption or sudden reduced blood supply to the brain, it leads to Stroke, which is a leading cause for many deaths. The reduced or interrupted blood supply to the brain occurs due to the blocked/ruptured blood vessels that ban the oxygen and nutrient feed to the brain. When brain cells begin to die, emergency medical treatment shall be given to the patient to avoid potential complications.

The major risk factors for stroke are
  • High blood pressure.
  • Diabetes.
  • Heart diseases.
  • Smoking.
  • Risk of stroke increases as you get older and men are more likely than women to have strokes.
  • Those who already had stroke are at higher risk for another one and one with the family history of stroke.
  • Brain aneurysms.
  • Alcohol and other drugs
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Overweight and Obesity
  • Stress and depression
  • sudden numbness or weakness of face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body
  • sudden trouble seeing.
  • sudden trouble speaking or understanding
  • sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
Hemorrhagic stroke: This occurs when an artery in the brain bursts and leads to localized bleeding in the surrounding cells and tissues which kill the brain cells.
Ischemic stroke: It occurs when an artery to the brain is blocked. The neurons (brain cells) will not be able to pump the oxygen required for survival. This causes death of cells.
Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIAs)/Mini-Stroke: When the blood flow to the brain is stopped for a short period of time, it is called a TIA. It might mimic stroke symptoms and lasts for 24 hours. Though it will never cause permanent brain damage, TIA is an alert for occurrence of stroke in future and hence, should never be ignored.

Treatment for strokes differs from one kind to the other. The treatment methodology might include medication and surgical intervention with recovery and rehabilitation.
Hemorrhagic stroke treatments encompass controlling bleeding and pressure inside the brain. Generally, medicines are prescribed to lower pressure and prevent seizures. Once the bleeding stops, the stagnated blood is absorbed with a supportive medical care.
Stereotactic radiosurgery is a minimally invasive advanced surgery which repairs and corrects vascular malformations. To prevent aneurysms from bursting or re-bleeding, surgical clipping is done on the artery to stop blood flow.
Ischemic stroke treatment involves restoring blood flow to the brain. Clot-busting drugs are prescribed to dissolve the blood clots. A catheter with a small device is inserted into the brain to break up or grab the blood clot manually.
Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs)/Mini Strokes are treated with antiplatelet drugs and anticoagulants. If the patient has moderate or severe narrowed carotid artery, the surgeon will perform carotid endarterectomy to clear fat deposits in the carotid arteries. It prevents TIA from relapsing.
Dr. Shyam Sundar K is a leading Neurosurgeon, offers treatment for stroke in Tamil Nadu with help of dedicated team.

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Saturday, 1 October 2016

Brain Tumor Surgery for Children in Chennai

Cancer is the most dangerous disease affecting both children and adults. The type of cancer affecting children is totally different from that of adults. The major types of cancer affecting children between the age of 0-14 are brain and other central nervous system (CNS) tumors,  acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL),  and neuroblastoma. With the advancement in treatment, there is a high increase in the survival rate of children.

The cause of cancer in children is typically unknown. Some environmental factors like exposure to radiation, some parental exposure such as smoking may also increase the risk of causing cancer in children.

Pediatric tumors

Pediatric tumors are the most common solid tumor of childhood. Brain and spinal cord tumor are the abnormal growth of cells in the brain and spinal cord. The brain tumor in children affect the lower parts of the brain like cerebellum, brain stem etc.

Can brain and spinal cord tumors in children be prevented?

It is difficult to prevent cancer in children but advanced treatment techniques can prevent it up to some extent. For children with other types of cancer, radiation therapy is a better, but doctor tries to limit the dose of radiation as much as possible.

Symptoms of Tumor

Tumors in the brain cause pressure inside the skull. Increased pressure causes:
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Crossed eyes or blurred vision
  • Behavior changes
  • Balance problems
  • Behavior changes
  • Drowsiness or even coma

The diagnosis of brain tumors in children is sometimes very difficult because of the lack of cooperation and inability to relate their symptoms by age. The test will need to confirm the diagnosis.

Chennai Brain and Spine provide treatment for brain tumor in Chennai at cost effective rates. For more information,
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Friday, 23 September 2016

Start Living Without Lower Back Pain

Prolapsed Disc or slipped disc refers to a condition in which all or part of a spinal disc gets forced through a weakened part of the disk. The spinal discs are soft, fluid-filled structures that provide a cushioning effect to the vertebrae. Any condition that causes slippage of these discs can cause pain and discomfort in the back region. If a nerve is compressed by the herniated disc, then it may result in pain in the regions supplied by the affected nerve. This condition is often referred to as a herniated disc.


Causes of prolapsed disc

  • Sneezing
  • Awkward bending 
  • Heavy lifting
  • Continuous sitting
  • Weight-bearing sports (weightlifting, etc.)

Disc herniation is a condition commonly observed in individuals between the ages of 30 and 50 years. Men are twice more commonly known to suffer from this disease compared to women.

Symptoms of disc prolapse

  • Sensation like pricking by pins and needles
  • Mild to severe pain along the course of the nerve
  • Problems with bowel and bladder function
  • Numbness or weakness in part of a buttock, leg or foot
  • Numbness in the anus 

Surgery is often considered as the last option in the treatment of herniated disc. This option generally advised in unrelieved pain despite the following measures for home, lifestyle changes, and medications. Most individuals with prolapsed (slipped) disc symptoms usually recover within 4-6 weeks of treatment.

Dr. Shyam Sundar K an eminent Neurosurgeon in Chennai provides disc prolapse treatment In Chennai.



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Tuesday, 9 August 2016

Best Effective Spine Surgery In Chennai

Spine surgery is  practiced in those individuals who have severe problems in one or more discs in the spine. Our spine can get injured due to different reasons like, aging, trauma, improper body mechanics, structural abnormalities which may lead to back pain and other severe symptoms like, pain in leg and weakness or numbness in leg.

A chronic back pain can be considered as a situation which needs a team of health professionals to diagnose and treat it.

Open spine surgery Vs Minimally invasive spine surgery:

The traditional practice of spine surgery was carried out as open surgery. This entails the opening the operative area through a long incision. This enables the surgeon to access the spinal anatomy properly. But now as the technology has advanced and is still advancing, more and more spine disorder condition can be treated using minimally invasive surgical procedure.

As there are no involvement of any long incisions in the minimal invasive spine surgery, the open manipulation of muscles and tissue are avoided, and therefore the time duration of the operative time is made shorter. This also leads to the fast recovery of the patient.

Different surgical approaches by the surgeon:

For an open surgery and minimally invasive spine surgery, the spine can be accessed from different directions. Different approaches to access the spine are;
Anterior approach  : The surgical access to the spine is from the front of your body (through abdomen)
Posterior approach : Access to the spine is through the incision made at the back of your body.
Lateral approach : Spine is accessed through the side of your body.

Common type of spine surgeries:

A numerous conditions of spine leads to a spine surgery. The common type of Spinal Cord Surgery in Chennai include;
Discectomy or Microdiscectomy : Removal of all parts of herniated disc.
Laminectomy : Deals with the pressure relieving by removing the bone spur in the spine.
Laminotomy : Process of removing a portion of lamina that covers the spine.
Foraminotomy : Removes the  bone in the passage where the nerve root branches off the spinal cord.
Disc replacement : An injured disc is replaced with an artificial cord.
Spinal fusion : A surgical approach to join two vertebrae.

Dr. Shyam Sundar K, one of the pioneers of neurosurgery in Chennai, provides you the spine surgery in Chennai. He, the best neurosurgeon in Chennai, from his valuable experience in the field, has always consider the patient's complete satisfaction. Having an access to the advanced level of technological strategies, you are offered by the most effective spinal cord tumor treatment Chennai.

If you do suffer from any spine issues,

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