Wednesday, 1 March 2017

Brain Aneurysm Symptoms and Treatment

A brain aneurysm is a neurological disorder where a ballooning or bulge is formed on the blood vessels present in the brain. It can resemble a cherry hanging from its stem. Brain aneurysms are mainly located on the blood vessels that form a network at the base of the brain. This formation is known as the Circle of Willis.
Brain aneurysms can be ruptured or unruptured. A ruptured aneurysm leaks blood into the brain. This can be life threatening and need immediate medical attention as it can lead to stroke. Unruptured aneurysm are usually undetected.

The symptoms of brain aneurysm are largely dependent on its location, intensity and condition. CT and CTA scan, MRI scan, angiography and cerebral angiogram are used to diagnose the presence of aneurysm. The main symptoms of ruptured brain aneurysm are: -
  • Neck pain and stiffness
  • Severe headache
  • Double vision or blurred vision
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of sensation
  • Fainting
  • Seizures
  • Photophobia or sensitivity towards light
Unruptured aneurysm, if large in size, causes constant headaches, lack of concentration or processing ability, speech problems, lack of coordination or balance, sudden changes in behaviour and so on.
Aneurysms are a result of thinning walls in artery. They are usually formed at joints and forks of arteries where the cells are weak. Some of the main causes of this are infections that affect the artery walls, presence of tumours, abnormal flow of blood at the joints of arteries, use of drugs, brain trauma and atherosclerosis.
Brain aneurysms are mainly treated by embolization, endovascular therapy or surgical clipping depending on the intensity of the issue.

A pioneer in the field of neurosurgery and neurology, Dr. Shyam Sundar K, is one of the best neurosurgeons in Chennai, India, who offers expert treatment in various branches of neurology. Now a consultant neurosurgeon at Achantha Lakshmipathy Neurosurgical Centre, Chennai, he offers advanced treatment for neurological disorders like brain tumour, brain aneurysm, spinal conditions, epilepsy management, stroke peripheral nerve disorder and so on.

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Monday, 2 January 2017

Know about Stroke and Its Warning Sign

When there is an interruption or sudden reduced blood supply to the brain, it leads to Stroke, which is a leading cause for many deaths. The reduced or interrupted blood supply to the brain occurs due to the blocked/ruptured blood vessels that ban the oxygen and nutrient feed to the brain. When brain cells begin to die, emergency medical treatment shall be given to the patient to avoid potential complications.

The major risk factors for stroke are
  • High blood pressure.
  • Diabetes.
  • Heart diseases.
  • Smoking.
  • Risk of stroke increases as you get older and men are more likely than women to have strokes.
  • Those who already had stroke are at higher risk for another one and one with the family history of stroke.
  • Brain aneurysms.
  • Alcohol and other drugs
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Overweight and Obesity
  • Stress and depression
  • sudden numbness or weakness of face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body
  • sudden trouble seeing.
  • sudden trouble speaking or understanding
  • sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
Hemorrhagic stroke: This occurs when an artery in the brain bursts and leads to localized bleeding in the surrounding cells and tissues which kill the brain cells.
Ischemic stroke: It occurs when an artery to the brain is blocked. The neurons (brain cells) will not be able to pump the oxygen required for survival. This causes death of cells.
Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIAs)/Mini-Stroke: When the blood flow to the brain is stopped for a short period of time, it is called a TIA. It might mimic stroke symptoms and lasts for 24 hours. Though it will never cause permanent brain damage, TIA is an alert for occurrence of stroke in future and hence, should never be ignored.

Treatment for strokes differs from one kind to the other. The treatment methodology might include medication and surgical intervention with recovery and rehabilitation.
Hemorrhagic stroke treatments encompass controlling bleeding and pressure inside the brain. Generally, medicines are prescribed to lower pressure and prevent seizures. Once the bleeding stops, the stagnated blood is absorbed with a supportive medical care.
Stereotactic radiosurgery is a minimally invasive advanced surgery which repairs and corrects vascular malformations. To prevent aneurysms from bursting or re-bleeding, surgical clipping is done on the artery to stop blood flow.
Ischemic stroke treatment involves restoring blood flow to the brain. Clot-busting drugs are prescribed to dissolve the blood clots. A catheter with a small device is inserted into the brain to break up or grab the blood clot manually.
Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs)/Mini Strokes are treated with antiplatelet drugs and anticoagulants. If the patient has moderate or severe narrowed carotid artery, the surgeon will perform carotid endarterectomy to clear fat deposits in the carotid arteries. It prevents TIA from relapsing.
Dr. Shyam Sundar K is a leading Neurosurgery in Chennai. Offers Best Stroke Treatment in Chennai with help of dedicated team.

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Saturday, 1 October 2016

Brain Tumor Surgery for Children in Chennai

Cancer is the most dangerous disease affecting both children and adults. The type of cancer affecting children is totally different from that of adults. The major types of cancer affecting children between the age of 0-14 are brain and other central nervous system (CNS) tumors,  acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL),  and neuroblastoma. With the advancement in treatment, there is a high increase in the survival rate of children.

The cause of cancer in children is typically unknown. Some environmental factors like exposure to radiation, some parental exposure such as smoking may also increase the risk of causing cancer in children.

Pediatric tumors

Pediatric tumors are the most common solid tumor of childhood. Brain and spinal cord tumor are the abnormal growth of cells in the brain and spinal cord. The brain tumor in children affect the lower parts of the brain like cerebellum, brain stem etc.

Can brain and spinal cord tumors in children be prevented?

It is difficult to prevent cancer in children but advanced treatment techniques can prevent it up to some extent. For children with other types of cancer, radiation therapy is a better, but doctor tries to limit the dose of radiation as much as possible.

Symptoms of Tumor

Tumors in the brain cause pressure inside the skull. Increased pressure causes:
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Crossed eyes or blurred vision
  • Behavior changes
  • Balance problems
  • Behavior changes
  • Drowsiness or even coma

The diagnosis of brain tumors in children is sometimes very difficult because of the lack of cooperation and inability to relate their symptoms by age. The test will need to confirm the diagnosis.

Chennai Brain and Spine provide treatment for pediatric tumor at cost effective rates. For more information,
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Friday, 23 September 2016

Start Living Without Lower Back Pain

Prolapsed Disc or slipped disc refers to a condition in which all or part of a spinal disc gets forced through a weakened part of the disk. The spinal discs are soft, fluid-filled structures that provide a cushioning effect to the vertebrae. Any condition that causes slippage of these discs can cause pain and discomfort in the back region. If a nerve is compressed by the herniated disc, then it may result in pain in the regions supplied by the affected nerve. This condition is often referred to as a herniated disc.


Causes of prolapsed disc

  • Sneezing
  • Awkward bending 
  • Heavy lifting
  • Continuous sitting
  • Weight-bearing sports (weightlifting, etc.)

Disc herniation is a condition commonly observed in individuals between the ages of 30 and 50 years. Men are twice more commonly known to suffer from this disease compared to women.

Symptoms of disc prolapse

  • Sensation like pricking by pins and needles
  • Mild to severe pain along the course of the nerve
  • Problems with bowel and bladder function
  • Numbness or weakness in part of a buttock, leg or foot
  • Numbness in the anus 

Surgery is often considered as the last option in the treatment of herniated disc. This option generally advised in unrelieved pain despite the following measures for home, lifestyle changes, and medications. Most individuals with prolapsed (slipped) disc symptoms usually recover within 4-6 weeks of treatment.

Dr. Shyam Sundar K an eminent Neurosurgeon in Chennai provides effective treatment for herniated disc.



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Tuesday, 9 August 2016

Best Effective Spine Surgery In Chennai

Spine surgery is  practiced in those individuals who have severe problems in one or more discs in the spine. Our spine can get injured due to different reasons like, aging, trauma, improper body mechanics, structural abnormalities which may lead to back pain and other severe symptoms like, pain in leg and weakness or numbness in leg.

A chronic back pain can be considered as a situation which needs a team of health professionals to diagnose and treat it.

Open spine surgery Vs Minimally invasive spine surgery:

The traditional practice of spine surgery was carried out as open surgery. This entails the opening the operative area through a long incision. This enables the surgeon to access the spinal anatomy properly. But now as the technology has advanced and is still advancing, more and more spine disorder condition can be treated using minimally invasive surgical procedure.

As there are no involvement of any long incisions in the minimal invasive spine surgery, the open manipulation of muscles and tissue are avoided, and therefore the time duration of the operative time is made shorter. This also leads to the fast recovery of the patient.

Different surgical approaches by the surgeon:

For an open surgery and minimally invasive spine surgery, the spine can be accessed from different directions. Different approaches to access the spine are;
Anterior approach  : The surgical access to the spine is from the front of your body (through abdomen)
Posterior approach : Access to the spine is through the incision made at the back of your body.
Lateral approach : Spine is accessed through the side of your body.

Common type of spine surgeries:

A numerous conditions of spine leads to a spine surgery. The common type of Spinal Cord Surgery in Chennai include;
Discectomy or Microdiscectomy : Removal of all parts of herniated disc.
Laminectomy : Deals with the pressure relieving by removing the bone spur in the spine.
Laminotomy : Process of removing a portion of lamina that covers the spine.
Foraminotomy : Removes the  bone in the passage where the nerve root branches off the spinal cord.
Disc replacement : An injured disc is replaced with an artificial cord.
Spinal fusion : A surgical approach to join two vertebrae.

Dr. Shyam Sundar K, one of the pioneers of neurosurgery in Chennai, provides you the spine surgery in Chennai. He, the best neurosurgeon in Chennai, from his valuable experience in the field, has always consider the patient's complete satisfaction. Having an access to the advanced level of technological strategies, you are offered by the most effective Spine Tumor Treatment in Chennai.

If you do suffer from any spine issues,

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Wednesday, 6 July 2016

Best Stroke Treatment

A stroke can be defined as a "brain attack". This happens when a particular area of brain is cut off or blood clots and the blood flows to that region. This deprives the oxygen in cells of that region. This disables the activities that are controlled by that particular region such as loss of memory and muscle control.

People affected by stroke depend on the location on the brain and the severity with which stroke has happened. People affected by small stroke may have some temporary weakness of arms and legs. But those with severe strokes may undergo the danger of paralysis and may even cause death. Most of the people affected with paralysis suffer from some disabilities.

Causes of stroke:
Strokes normally occur when the blood supply to the brain is stopped or blocked, or if the blood cells in brain gets ruptured due to any reason. This will damage the blood tissues and make them completely function less.

Symptoms of stroke:
Symptoms of strokes occurs normally suddenly when it happens. Its symptoms may include,
  • Confusion in speaking and understanding while conversing
  • Severe headache which is accompanied with altered vomiting and unconsciousness
  • Numbness or tingling on one side of the body (normally face, arms and legs)
  • Vision trouble (in any one or in both eyes)
  • Trouble in walking (unbalanced or lack in coordination)

Risk factor of Stroke:
People above the age of 55 are most affected by stroke. This may be sometimes hereditary but mostly this happens in people with obesity, high cholesterol, diabetes, hypertension those who use alcohol and cigarette in a heavy manner. People who suffer from cardiovascular disease like, heart failure, heart infection and abnormal heart rhythm, are also at the risk of stroke.

Treatments for stroke:
Stroke takes fifth position in the list of disorders causing human death. This being a terrible disease it should be treated immediately when detected. Providing the emergency medications like clot busting drugs in order to remove the blood clot is the first step adopted during stroke treatment. Medications are directly delivered to brain to the area where stroke has occurred.
Further treatment may include controlling the bleeding and pressure reduction in brain. Surgical methods are adopted to repair the damaged blood tissues.

Dr. Shyam Sundar K, an expert in various branches of neurosurgery providing you the best treatment for stroke, is presently consulting as Neurosurgeon at Achantha Lakshmipathy Neurosurgical centre in Chennai. His great experience, makes him efficient at his profession.

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A moment can destroy your Life but another can save..!!

Tuesday, 5 July 2016

Treating Back and Neck Pain from A to Z

Do you feel any back or neck pain?? Are you an IT employee?? Do you have craze in bike riding?? Is your age between 30 and 55??

You might have confused about the unrelated question asked. But the actual truth is, all this questions are related. Most of us are suffering from back and  neck pains. But, we are not taking the initiative to find out the reason and to cure it . Only thing we are doing is, we just neglect this pain without knowing the consequences of it. Back pain and Neck Pain are the important signs of of Disc Problems. What is actually a disc problem??? It is the condition where we fails to straighten or bend because of pain. Disc problems can be worser. It is commonly found in IT employees, hardcore bike riders and in middle aged people.

Back Pain includes lower, upper and middle back pains. Lack of exercise, smoking, arthritis (inflammation of joints which cause pain) and degenerative disc disease are some Causes Of Back Pain. In the case of neck, pain may occur from bottom part of head to top of the shoulder area.  Poor positioning of the body, placing the neck in bad position while sleeping and working at a chair for a long time without changing the position.

1.  IT employees : IT employees has to sit in front of the computer for long period of time    without changing their position. And this leads to disc problems.  Here are few tips for  preventing disc related problems in IT employees :

  • Height of your chair - Chair should be in a proper height so that we can see the screen without bending or looking up
  • Screen position - Screen must be in suitable position which help us to view the screen without any effort.
  • Seating gesture - It is the most important factor everyone must look into. Improve the way of sitting reduces the pain.

2.  Bike riders : Bike riding is really a great passion for almost all. There are many small    reason among which many of them are unnoticed.  And these reasons leads to all the
Disc problems. if you follow the points mentioned below you can enjoy your riding without any problems.

  • Sit well forward
  • Keeps the head up and place the chin in the direction of travel
  • Be relaxed while driving

3.  People of age between 30  and 55 : When we become aged, we experience pain  in our back. Lifting or pulling heavy objects, tension, over usage of muscles and smoking are the main reason why pain commonly affects middle aged people.

Treatments are available for the disk problems, which includes Medical Management, Physiotherapy and surgery. Medical management involves medication given for pain (aspirin), narcotics (codeine), can be given orally or injected (steroids). Physiotherapy is classified into active and passive therapy. Stretching and weight lifting is related to active. massage and ultrasound is the part of passive therapy. Replacing disk the main surgery option available.

By reading above, everyone might have figured out the points to be taken care. Those who have disc problem. It's your rights to pick the Best Treatment Centers for Disc Problems. Chennaibrainandspine provides the best Disc Problem Treatments in Chennai.

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